Comprehensive Eye and Vision Exam

Regular eye and vision examinations are an important part of preventive health care. Many eye and vision problems have no obvious signs or symptoms. As a result, individuals are often unaware that problems exist. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye and vision problems are important for maintaining good vision and eye health, and when possible, preventing vision loss.

A comprehensive adult eye and vision examination includes:

  • Patient and family health history
  • Visual acuity measurement
  • Preliminary tests of visual function and eye health including depth perception, color vision, peripheral vision and response of the pupils to light
  • Assessment of refractive status to determine the presence of nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism
  • Evaluation of eye focusing, eye teaming and eye movement abilities
  • Eye health examination
  • Additional tests as needed

Frequency of eye and vision exams:

The American Optometric Association and North Carolina Optometric Society recommend the following frequency of eye and vision examinations by age.


Asymptomatic/Risk Free

At Risk

Birth to 24 Months

At 6 months of age

At 6 months of age or as recommended

2 to 5 years

At 3 years of age

At 3 years of age or as recommended

6 to 18 years

Before first grade and every two years thereafter

Annually or as recommended

18 to 60 years

Every two years

Every one to two years or as recommended

61 and older


Annually or as recommended

*Your eye examination schedule may vary based on a multitude of factors that your optometrist will consider and discuss with you.

Schedule your comprehensive eye and vision exam today with a  NCOS-member optometrist.